全新版大学英语综合教程4课文原文及翻译_0.doc

全新版大学英语综合教程4课文原文及翻译 pridecomes before bothNapoleon manyvictories enjoyedled them nothingcould stand way.Russia‟s icy defender provethem wrong. 人道是骄兵必败。就拿拿破仑和希特勒两人来说吧,他们所向披靡,便以为自己战无不胜,不可阻挡。1331.com_【官方首页】-银河娱乐城但俄罗斯的冰雪卫士证明他们错了。 IcyDefender 1812,Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor French,led his Grand Army Russia.He fierceresistance Russianpeople defending homeland.He longmarch across Russian soil capitalcity. devastatingenemy methim raw,bitter, bleak Russian winter. 1812年,法国皇帝拿破仑波拿巴率大军入侵俄罗斯。1331.com_【官方首页】-银河娱乐城他准备好俄罗斯人民会为保卫祖国 而奋勇抵抗。1331.com_【官方首页】-银河娱乐城他准备好在俄罗斯广袤的国土上要经过长途跋涉才能进军首都莫斯科。但他没 有料到在莫斯科他会遭遇劲敌—俄罗斯阴冷凄苦的寒冬。 1941,Adolf Hitler, leader NaziGermany, launched attackagainst SovietUnion, called.Hitler‟s military might unequaled.His war machine had mowed down resistance Europe.Hitler expected shortcampaign likeNapoleon before him, painfullesson. Russianwinter again came Sovietsoldiers. 1941 年,纳粹德国元首阿道夫希特勒进攻当时被称作苏联的俄罗斯。希特勒的军 事实力堪称无敌。他的战争机器扫除了欧洲绝大部分地区的抵抗。希特勒希望速战速决,但 是,就像在他之前的拿破仑一样,他得到的是痛苦的教训。仍是俄罗斯的冬天助了苏维埃士 兵一臂之力。 Napoleon‟sCampaign 1812,Napoleon assembled sixhundred thousand men soldierswere well trained, efficient, wellequipped. militaryforce GrandArmy. Napoleon, confident quickvictory, predicted fiveweeks. 1812年春,拿破仑在俄国边境屯兵60 万。这些士兵受过良好训练,作战力强,装备精良。 这支军队被称为大军。拿破仑对马到成功充满自信,预言要在5 个星期 Shortly afterwards, Napoleon‟s army crossed NemanRiver quick,decisive victory Napoleonexpected never happened. hissurprise, Russiansrefused fight.Instead, retreatedeastward, burning GrandArmy followed, itsadvance march soon became bogged down slow-movingsupply lines. 不久,拿破仑的大军渡过涅曼河进入俄国。拿破仑期盼着的速决速胜迟迟没有发生。令他吃惊的是,俄国人并不奋起抵抗。相反,他们一路东撤,沿途焚毁庄稼和民居。大军紧追不 舍,但它的长驱直入很快由于粮草运输缓慢而停顿下来。 Russianarmies engaged leftover ten thousand dead eachside. Yet, Russianswere again able retreatfarther Russianterritory. Napoleon had won decisivevictory. He nowfaced crucialdecision. Should he continue Russianarmy? shouldhe keep his army approachingwinter? 到了8 月,法俄两军在斯摩棱斯克交战,这一战役中,双方各有 上万人阵亡。可是,俄国人仍能在自己的国土上继续后撤。拿破仑未能取得决定性的胜利。 此刻他面临着一个重要抉择。是继续追击俄国军队,还是把军队驻扎在斯摩棱斯克,在那儿 度过将到的冬天? Napoleontook Moscow,448 kilometers away. Russianarmies met fiercebattle Borodino,112 kilometers west nightfall,thirty thousand French forty-fourthousand Russians lay dead 拿破仑孤注一掷,决定向远在448公里之外的莫斯科进发。1812 莫斯科以西112公里外的鲍罗季诺激战。夜幕降临时,3 万名法国士兵以及4.4 万名俄国士 兵或伤或亡,倒在了战场上。1331.com_【官方首页】-银河娱乐城 Russianarmy retreated safety.Napoleon had clearpath citybecame emptyvictory. Russiansfled capital.Soon after Frencharrived, ragingfire destroyed two-thirds city.Napoleon offered Russianczar knew he could bide his time: "We shall let Russianwinter fight 俄国军队再次撤往安全之处。1331.com_【官方首页】-银河娱乐城拿破仑顺利进入莫斯科,然而,对该市的占领成为毫无意义的胜利。俄国人弃城而走。1331.com_【官方首页】-银河娱乐城法国人进城不久,一场熊熊大火烧毁了整个城市的三分之二。拿 破仑向亚历山大一世提出停战,但沙皇深知他可以等待时机:“且让俄罗斯的严冬为我们战 Napoleonsoon realized he could feed,clothe, quarterhis army Moscowduring October1812, he ordered his Grand Army retreatfrom Moscow. 拿破仑很快意识到,他无法在冬天向远在莫斯科的军队供应粮草、提供御寒衣物和宿营之地。1812 年10 月,他命令大军撤出莫斯科。 Frenchretreat turned nightmare.From fields Russianslaunched hit-and-run attacks shortdistance from Moscow, temperaturehad already dropped degreesCelsius. winter‟sfirst snow came. Exhausted horses fell dead tracks.Cannon became stuck snow.Equipment had fuel.Soldiers took ill Frenchsoldiers dragged deadalong

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